Shopping for food! (C & U nouns)



Countable & Uncountable nouns 

Nouns can be countable or uncountable. When you learn a new noun you should make a note of whether it is countable or uncountable as we use different words with countables and uncountables.

Countable nouns

  • There is a cat in the garden.
  • There are some birds in the trees.

For positive sentences we can use a/an or some (with a plural verb form)

  • There isn’t a dog in the garden.
  • There aren’t any birds in the tree.

For negatives we can use a/an or any (with a plural verb form).

  • Is there an orange on the tree?
  • Are there any chairs in the garden?
  • How many chairs are there?

In questions we use a/anany or how many.

Uncountable nouns

  • There is some milk on the floor.

Uncountable nouns have no plural. The verb form is singular and we use some.

  • Is there any sugar?
  • How much wine is there?

In questions we can use any or how much.

Other expressions of quantity

  • There are a lot of apples on the trees.
  • There is a lot of snow on the road.
  • Bill Gates has a lot of money.
  • There’s a lot of beer but there isn’t much wine.
  • There are a lot of carrots but there aren’t many potatoes.

a bag of                                a jar of
a bottle of                             a loaf of (two loaves of)
a bunch of                            a pint of
a box of                                a pound (lb) of
a can of                                a half pound of / half a pound of
a gallon of                            a quart of
a head of                              a dozen

  • Non-count nouns can’t be counted, but they may be measured. Partitives measure specific quantities of non-count nouns.Partitives can be counted.

Examples:        a head of lettuce
two heads of lettuce

can of soup
two cans of soup

  •  Partitives can measure by weight or size.

Examples:       a pound of cheese.
gallon of milk.
quart of orange juice.
pint of ice cream.

  • Partitives can measure by describing the container.

Examples:        a box of cereal
bag of flour
can of soup
jar of jam
bottle of ketchup

  • Partitives can measure by describing the shape.

Examples:        a bunch of carrots
head of lettuce
loaf of bread

  • More partitives:

bowl of                     a glass of
cup of                       an order of
dish of                      a piece of

Examples: A bowl of strawberries
a cup of coffee
a dish of salad
a glass of water
an order of bacon
a piece of apple pie

Make your shopping list and leave a comment in the blog!!

This entry was posted in Intermediate, Pre-Intermediate, Upper-Intermediate and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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